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Comunidades y negocios sociales: hacia una propuesta sistémica

Alejo Etchart Ortiz
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Alejo Etchart Ortiz (1966) holds an Economic Science and Business Administration  degree from the Universidad de Deusto, MBA at IEDE and MSC with mention on Climatic Change and Sustainable Development from  Monfort University (Leicester UK). After a long experience on international trade at 2008 he threw himself into sustainable development studies. He is the author of some academic publications as (Journal of Cleaner Production, Ekopol,Sustainable Development Governance) and he has been involved in blogs (Global Transition 2012). He collaborates with Stakeholder Forum for a Sustainable Future on internationals negotiations about climatic change through consultancy and publications. He also works as a consultant for different organizations about sustainable transport, European markets of green certificate (renewable energy) and white (efficient energy), perspectives on electric vehicle and local solutions to development. He interests lie in sustainable local developments oriented on resilience and based on sustainable communities. He is also interested in carbon footprint and political initiatives about sustainable development.

Abstract

The inability of Economics to internalize environmental and social externalities makes its orientation to serve essentially to remunerate the capital through a debt-based economic growth; thus moving away from its primary goal: a correct distribution of scarce resources in order to satisfy human needs. As a consequence, unless a dramatic change in the path of development is implemented, we are leading it to an abyss. The relocation of economies and lifestyles, linked to the rise of social businesses and to the potential of cooperatives as a way of equitable distribution of wealth, inspires an opportunity to redirect human evolution to the creation of resilience generating wellbeing to tackle the increasing threats that the world is facing. There are hundreds of cases in which communities or neighborhoods are assuming an increasing role in the decisions that affect their own future. The key to an encouraging future might lie in providing these socially and environmentally desirable approaches with economical viability.


Resumen

La incapacidad de la economía para internalizar externalidades medioambientales y sociales hace que su orientación primordial sea remunerar al capital a través un crecimiento económico ligado al endeudamiento, alejándose de su objetivo: una correcta distribución de los recursos escasos para satisfacer las necesidades del ser humano. Por otra parte, los gobiernos de todo nivel se encuentran subordinados a esta economía. Todo ello hace que, de no cambiar el rumbo del desarrollo, lo estemos abocando hacia el abismo. La relocalización de la economía y de las formas de vida, unida al surgimiento de los negocios sociales y al potencial de las cooperativas como forma más equitativa de distribución de la riqueza, presenta una oportunidad al alcance de nuestra mano para reorientar nuestra evolución hacia una creación de resiliencia generadora de bienestar. Existen multitud de casos en los que las comunidades de proximidad o vecindario están asumiendo un protagonismo creciente en las decisiones sobre su futuro. Si conseguimos dotar de viabilidad económico a estos enfoques social y medioambientalmente deseables podemos estar ante una clave para afrontar un futuro esperanzador.

Resum

La incapacitat de l'economia per internalizar externalitats mediambientals i socials fa que la seva orientació primordial sigui remunerar al capital a través un creixement econòmic lligat a l'endeutament, allunyant-se del seu objectiu: una correcta distribució dels recursos escassos per satisfer les necessitats de l'ésser humà. D'altra banda, els governs de tot nivell es troben subordinats a aquesta economia. Tot això fa que, de no canviar el rumb del desenvolupament, l'estiguem abocant cap a l'abisme. La relocalització de l'economia i de les formes de vida, unida al sorgiment dels negocis socials i al potencial de les cooperatives com a forma més equitativa de distribució de la riquesa, presenta una oportunitat a al nostre abast per reorientar la nostra evolució cap a una creació de resiliència generadora de benestar. Existeixen multitud de casos en els quals les comunitats de proximitat o veïnat estan assumint un protagonisme creixent en les decisions sobre el seu futur. Si aconseguim dotar de viabilitat econòmic a aquests enfocaments social i mediambientalment desitjables podem estar davant una clau per afrontar un futur esperançador.

Keywords


sustainable communities, social business, transition movements, comprehensive cooperatives, systemic innovation

Full Text: PDF (Español)